Save the Children Fund , commonly known as Save the Children or Save the Children International ( protect children ) is a non - governmental organization (NGO), founded in 1919 , by Eglantyne Jebb to help the millions of refugees and displaced children scattered Europe after the First World War.
Eglantyne Jebb, drafted the first Declaration of the Rights of the Child, known as the Geneva Declaration , adopted by the League of Nations in 1924 which is the historical antecedent immediate to the current Convention on the Rights of the Child , ratified by United Nations in 1989 .
Shortly after the founding of Save The Children in London (1919), associations were created in other countries, such as Sweden, Australia and Canada.
In 2012, the International Save the Children Alliance is present in 120 developing countries related to health, nutrition, emergency care, violence, quality of education, child labor, HIV / AIDS, among other programs.
The Fund United Nations Children's Fund (United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund) orUnicef 1 is a program of the United Nations (UN) based in New York and provides support humanitarian and development assistance to children and mothers in developing countries . It is one of the members and the executive committee of the United Nations Development Group . 2
It was originally created in 1946 under the name of United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF in Spanish International Emergency Fund of the United Nations Children's Fund) to help children inEurope after the Second World War . In 1953 , UNICEF became a permanent body within the system of theUnited Nations , responsible for helping children and protect their rights . Its name was reduced to the current name, but the original acronym is maintained.
UNICEF works in more than 190 countries and territories through various programs and National Committees.The basis on which guide their work is the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its work is focused on five priority areas of work: child survival and development, education and gender equality, children and HIV / AIDS , child protection and policy advocacy and partnerships.
The way to carry out this work is through a combination of cooperation programs with national governments and planning based on the results achieved. For this purpose makes a work of collecting and analyzing data on the situation of children, girls and women, in addition to maintaining and updating global databases. It is particularly concerned about the impact on children have different social and economic policies are made. It has the Innocenti Research Centre that develops its own research on children. also they evaluate and analyze the actions carried out in the field in order to identify good practices and lessons learned.
Other major work of UNICEF are to act in emergency situations in order to save lives, alleviate suffering and protect the rights of children. To which performs acquisition campaigns supplies that will be used for development programs as performances in both emergency situations.
UNICEF works in 193 countries and territories to help guarantee children the right to survive and thrive , from early childhood through adolescence, providing food , clothing and medical care to children around the world, and has also attempted to meet its other needs .. Unicef is the largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, works to improve the health and nutrition of children; water supply and sanitation services;quality basic education for all children and protection from violence, exploitation and HIV / AIDS .
UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in1965 and the Prince of Asturias Award for Concord in 2006 .